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Called by the ancient Romans, "Anphitheatrum Flavium" (Flavian Amphitheatre), the Colosseum is the most famous and impressive monument of ancient Rome, and the biggest amphitheater in the world. Built during the times of the emperor Vespasiano and completed by his son Titus in 80 A.D., it was place for “games”, such as fights between animals, the execution of condemned and the fights between gladiators.
Rome - ColosseumThe architecture
The outside facade (high up to 48.50 m) is travertine, much used in Roman construction, and it consists of four superimposed architectural orders: the first three are made up of eighty arches framed by semi columns, while the fourth order is divided into squares, interspersed with windows. Inside we find the arena, elliptical, which hosted games and fights. The spectators sat on the stands, called "Cavea". The public was safe from wild animals thanks to a 4-meter wall that separated the arena from the Cavea. Inside we find the arena, elliptical, which hosted games and fights. The spectators sat on the stands, called "Cavea". The public was safe from wild animals thanks to a 4-meter wall that separated the arena from the Cavea.
Rome - ColosseumThe origin of the name
There are doubts about the origin of the name Colosseo: in fact before the Middle Ages it was simply known as the Flavian Amphitheatre. Some historians claim that the name is due to its "colossal" size, but the most popular theory is that it began to be called Colisseum because it was built near a huge and colossal statue of Nerone that was built in his honor.
Rome - ColosseumColosseum in cinema movies
Until a few years ago, the Colosseo was an off limits location for film productions, so that Ridley Scott had to build a set in Malta to shoot the scenes of "The Gladiator" with Russell Crowe. Only in 2006 it was given permission to shoot for the interior scenes of the film Jumper and in 2011 Woody Allen shot the scenes of "To Rome with love" at a cost of $ 5,000 a day! In the past, when the restrictions were not as inflexible as today, many movies were shot inside the Colosseum, such as "An American in Rome" in 1954, starring Alberto Sordi. UNESCO records that it was the most visited site of Italy and one of the most seen in the world in 2015 with 6.5 million visitors a year.