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Piazza del Campidoglio is located on one of the seven hills of Rome, the lowest and less extensive.
Rome - CampidoglioDioscuri Castor and Pollux
It is accessed via a graded ramp at the end of which we find two statues representing the Dioscuri Castor and Pollux with their horses.
Rome - Campidoglio"The oldest museums"
The square was completely redesigned by Michelangelo between 1534 and 1538 and commissioned by Pope Paul III. On either sides there are two buildings with symmetrical façades: the new palace and the palace of the Conservatives, now home of the Capitoline museums. They are the oldest museums in the world and the first place where art was accessible to the public and not only by the owners (1734).
Rome - Campidoglio The senate palace
At the bottom of the square we find the senate palace, home to the offices of the Mayor of Rome and public administration of the city. A reproduction of the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius is instead positioned in the center of the square. The original has been moved inside of the Capitoline museums.